The basic logic behind the majority of known EDI message types is that they reflect clearly defined business processes digitally. An EDI business process channels the relevant EDI data, thus becoming reproducible, exchangeable, machine-readable, and enabling automated processing without manual input. The EDI business process is digitized to enable electronic data processing; in this context, it is referred to as EDI (Electronic Data Interchange). In order to be able to process the business processes without integration gaps, the source and destination of the digital document flows must be integrated into the scenario. For this reason, the most important business processes can be found in the form of EDI interfaces in the most diverse variants and formats in almost all merchandise management systems. The integration of ERP systems as well as the projection of the business processes mapped in them through ERP-specific formats is therefore also almost always an elementary component of EDI projects.
Typing of message types (EDI vs. ERP)
Goal: global standardization of business processes
In addition to the harmonization of EDI business processes within an EDI standard such as EDIFACT, efforts to achieve global standardization are also underway. These approaches also affect the naming of business processes, which are then reflected to varying degrees both in the designation of the individual EDI subprocesses and in the corresponding ERP interfaces. This shows that an EDI message type characterizes the vertical differentiation of an EDI business process within an EDI standard or an EDI application scenario. At the same time, however, it is part of a higher-level horizontal layer that views the EDI message type as merely a detailed manifestation of a globally valid EDI business process. The EDI message type is thus an important building block in a series of components, the sum of which defines the respective EDI process. The EDI process reflects the catalog of requirements consisting of…
- EDI business process
- EDI communication
- EDI message type
- EDI format
- EDI standard
- EDI agreement
- EDI partner
…as well as the EDI/ERP interfaces involved. Ideally, the holistic view of EDI requirements always covers all aspects of electronic document and data exchange.